The first to set foot on the island were sailors from the Netherlands in 1598. But only 40 years later a delegation of the Netherlands went to Mauritius to see which natural resources the island had. After they introduced sugar cane and game they left the island again. After that the French came and called the island “Ile de France”. The first settlers came around 1721 but had to fight against the poor conditions in form of bad weather, hunger, insects and rats. Nevertheless they built the first sugar plantations and imported slaves from Africa to work for them. After the capitulation of France the island was taken over by the British who used it mainly for sugar production. After the end of slavery Indian "indented" (forced) laborers of the lower casts took over the work of the slaves on the sugar plantations. Officially they weren't slaves but only got little money for their work and could be discharged any time. Over 450.000 Indians came to Mauritius and stayed. Therefore the population consists of 2/3 descendants of Indians and the main part of the rest are Creole people, descendants of the former slaves from Africa and Madagascar. Like in Rodrigues the formal language is English, but in their daily life most of the people speak French or rather more than 80% speak “Morisyen”, a Creole Language based on French. Since 1968 Mauritius is independent and joined the Commonwealth.

We noticed that the different groups of people don't mix, which means Indians stay together with Indians, Creole people with Creoles, and people with European origin usually stay together with other Europeans. You rarely see mixed couples or groups. This probably has to do with a different culture, tradition and the way of life.

03_The_former_sugar_factory_of_Beau_Plan_is_now_an_informative_sugar_museum
03_The_former_sugar_factory_of_Beau_Plan_is_now_an_informative_sugar_museum
04_The_difficult_process_of_making_sugar_out_of_sugar_cane
04_The_difficult_process_of_making_sugar_out_of_sugar_cane
05_Part_of_the_machinery_of_the_old_sugar_factory
05_Part_of_the_machinery_of_the_old_sugar_factory
06_Temporary_exhibition_of_pictures_from_Rodrigues
06_Temporary_exhibition_of_pictures_from_Rodrigues
07_Main_part_of_a_rum_destillery
07_Main_part_of_a_rum_destillery
08_Part_of_the_exhibition_hall_of_Beau_Plan
08_Part_of_the_exhibition_hall_of_Beau_Plan
09_Different_types_of_sugar_in_Mauritius
09_Different_types_of_sugar_in_Mauritius
10_Tasting_of_different_sugar_types_afterwards
10_Tasting_of_different_sugar_types_afterwards

If you want to know more about the history of Mauritius and the sugar plantations as well as Rum, you should visit the old sugar factory Beau Plan in Pampelousse (L'Aventure du Sucre). It is a wonderful museum where you can learn everything about slavery, forced laborers, sugar cane as well as the making of sugar and Rum. In the end you can even taste the very different kinds of sugar and Rum they produce on the island.

Along the coast you will find one resort next to the other. Only a few places are still undeveloped. At least the beaches are usually public. If you want to learn kite surfing, this is the place to start. You can take beginner courses everywhere. We were especially happy and surprised about the supermarkets. You can get anything a traveler from Europe or America could want. For the first time since we left Asia we found a huge assortment of cheese, dairy products, as well as lots of organic/bio products. Almost like shopping at home in Austria. The prices are still a bit lower than at home but not much anymore.

12_Another_old_house
12_Another_old_house
13_English_monuments_in_the_main_city
13_English_monuments_in_the_main_city
14_Old_and_new_in_Port_Louis
14_Old_and_new_in_Port_Louis
15_A_park_with_statues_of_Dodo_birds_in_the_middle_of_the_city
15_A_park_with_statues_of_Dodo_birds_in_the_middle_of_the_city
16_Busy_market_street_in_Port_Louis
16_Busy_market_street_in_Port_Louis
17_The_cathedral
17_The_cathedral
18_House_in_Port_Louis
18_House_in_Port_Louis
19_Great_telephone_booth_in_Port_Louis
19_Great_telephone_booth_in_Port_Louis
20_Brand_new_waterfront_in_Port_Louis
20_Brand_new_waterfront_in_Port_Louis
21_Waterspout_at_waterfront_shopping_mall_in_Port_Louis
21_Waterspout_at_waterfront_shopping_mall_in_Port_Louis
22_Exhibition_in_the_waterfront_mall
22_Exhibition_in_the_waterfront_mall
23_Wooden_figures_in_Port_Louis
23_Wooden_figures_in_Port_Louis

The main capital Port Louis has a huge, colorful vegetable and fruit market as well as lots of old buildings and the newly renovated port area. They even have a small marina where you can leave the boat if you want to explore the city and go shopping. You have access to electricity as well as water and shower possibilities. But one has to be careful not to get stuck on some rocks or sand banks within the port and marina area, like it happened to some other sailing yachts. We decided not to use the marine and instead enjoyed our time in at shallow anchorages/bays on the west side of the island, where you can sail up and down with only small waves but lots of wind.

project manaia

Krüss Mikroskope